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Adoption of children

Adoption of children in Belarus

Adopting a child is a long process, the result of which can both please and disappoint, because not everyone understands the degree of responsibility of the decision. Each parent should understand that this is a big stress not only for you, but also for the child, so you need to weigh the pros and cons to accurately understand the picture of what is happening. If you are persistent in your decision, then today we will tell you what procedures you need to go through for a successful result.

Whom can you adopt?

The issue of adoption is quite acute in many couples who cannot cope with the birth of their own children. Therefore, we will now tell you about all the intricacies of adoption.

Adoption is permitted for the following children:

• Orphans;

• Children left without parental care;

• Children whose parents are deprived of parental rights, are unknown, have died or have given consent to the adoption of a child.

Who can be an adoptive parent?

The legislation of the Republic of Belarus contributes to finding families for all children, therefore, any capable persons are allowed to become parents for orphans.

There are several categories of people who are not allowed to undergo this procedure for reasons of child protection. Among such persons:

• recognized as incompetent;

• patients with chronic addictions;

• previously deprived of parental rights;

• suspended from the duties of a guardian for neglecting the rules of guardianship;

• previously having problems with the law.

In controversial situations, if there is a desire to adopt a child by two families, preference is given to the interests of the child himself.

By law, a family cannot take a child if the age difference is less than 15 years or more than 45.

Can a foreign citizen become an adoptive parent?

A foreigner, like any citizen of Belarus, can apply for the adoption of a child. The chances of adoption can only be with the following documents:


• written permission for adoption of the Minister of Education of the Republic of Belarus;

• written permission from the body of the state of which the child is a citizen.

Belarus has a signed international adoption agreement with the Italian Republic. According to this agreement, Italian citizens can adopt a child from Belarus, who has repeatedly come to them for health-improving holidays.

Child's consent to adoption

The child being adopted is a full-fledged person capable of making decisions. Therefore, a 10-year-old child will be asked for consent.

The exception is cases where parents do not want to injure the psyche of the baby, since he has long considered them his parents. All cases are taken into account, so formal adoption may not involve the child if it is bad for the child.

All points are discussed with the administration of the relevant institution, and can be satisfied if the actions are aimed at protecting the interests of the child.

Parent's consent to adoption

The primary document of the adoption process is the consent of his parents. The consent of the parents is signed and notarized, or certified by the head of the institution where the adoptee is currently located, and can also be expressed directly in court during adoption.

It is allowed to consider the correctness of the choice made until the moment of official recognition of the adoptive parents by the parents. During this time, parents can withdraw their consent.

Cancellation of adoption

Unfortunately, not everyone copes with the responsibility of the adoption decision. Dreams of a close-knit family become unjustified, contact with the child is not found, and some decide to abandon the idea of ​​adoption by canceling. But not everyone ends parenting of their own accord. Below is a list of reasons why the child may be picked up by the appropriate authorities.

• The adoptive parents were declared legally incompetent. Only a judge can state this;

• The adoptive parents are sick with chronic addictions. Domestic violence and accidents are common in these families. By destroying their lives through the use of alcohol or drugs, adoptive parents fail to cope with the responsibilities of a parent. Such a charge must be confirmed by a medical report issued by a specialized medical institution;

• Unprepared adoptive parents. After a legal adoption, signed by all authorities, the child becomes a full member of the family. In addition to material benefits, the adoptive parent is fully responsible for the child's condition, so he should be interested in his life (fears, joys, development), take care and give the love that every child receives in a full-fledged family. The child must trust the parent and know that now he has a real family;

• Adopters who abuse parental rights. This clause is at the discretion of the guardianship authorities, since abuse has different forms of expression. Cancellation of adoption may occur due to limited access to education or the involvement of a child in hard physical labor. A serious form of abuse is considered provoking children into begging, prostitution, drinking alcoholic beverages and using drugs. Some parents cannot morally accept a child, so they have a feeling of aggression due to his pranks. Abuse, both physically and morally, will become a 100% guarantee of the abolition of adoption;

• The adoptive parent has been diagnosed with a medical diagnosis included in the list of diseases in which the parents cannot fulfill parental responsibilities;

• The adoptive parents lead an immoral lifestyle, which negatively affects the moral and physical condition of the adopted child.

Adoption procedure in Belarus

Adoption is a long process, as the authorities must make sure of your intentions and condition (both physical and mental) in order to make the right decision.

First of all, you must undergo a medical examination at the place of residence and receive a certificate of health status.

Moreover, you will be asked for a document about:

• Place of work;

• the position held;

• income.

After these procedures, the future adoptive parent is checked for the ability to provide the necessary living conditions for the child, which is confirmed by the act.

To issue an act, you must:

• application;

• identity document;

• marriage certificate;

• health certificate;

• certificate of income for the previous year;

• written consent of one of the spouses for adoption.

Further, a psychological analysis is carried out in the local government, which is able to reveal your readiness to take this step. The analysis results are included in the survey report.

Then the adoptive parent goes to the city court, where he brings the following documents:

• application for adoption;

• a document confirming the payment of the state duty;

• copy of the adoptive parent's marriage certificate;

• medical report on the health status of the adoptive parent;

• act of examination of the living conditions of the adoptive parent;

• certificate from the place of work confirming the position held and the level of salary;

• a document that confirms the right of the adoptive parent to use the dwelling or the ownership of the dwelling.

The court makes a decision.

Registration of adoption

After the court decision, you are the legal parent of the child. To register it, you need to submit the following documents to the court:

• application;

• document proving the identity of the adoptive parent;

• child's birth certificate;

• a copy of the court decision on adoption.