Geography, weather and climate in Belarus
An important thing when planning a trip is to be aware of the climate and weather conditions of the country. In order not to spoil your trip, you should visit the country in the most comfortable weather conditions just for you. That is why we will tell you about the climate and its peculiarities in the Republic of Belarus, as well as talk about when it is best to go to our country.
Geography of Belarus
The Republic of Belarus is located in the central part of Eastern Europe. This location allows Belarusians to get quickly to neighboring countries and their capitals. For example, the distance from Minsk to Warsaw is 500 km, to Moscow - 700 km, to Berlin - 1060 km and to Vienna - 1300 km. The country covers 207595 km2 and is divided into 6 regions: Minsk, Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno and Mogilev regions.
Borders with the states
The total length of the border of Belarus is almost 3000 km, while the neighboring countries are Ukraine, Latvia, Russia, Poland and Lithuania.
The relief of our country is predominantly flat and hilly, with an average altitude of 160 km above sea level, so if you wanted to see mountains like Everest, you will not see them here. The highest mountain in Belarus is Dzerzhinskaya Mountain (345 m) in Dzerzhinsky district, Minsk region.
The surface of Belarus is characterized by an alternation of elevated, flat and lowland areas with swamps and lakes.
The most important part of the internal waters of Belarus is the river. There are over 20 thousand of them in the country, and the total length is about 91 thousand km. However, only three rivers are over 500 km long: the Dnieper and its tributaries, the Pripyat and the Berezina. The others are short. Their current is smooth due to the absence of sharp slopes.
Another feature of the nature of Belarus is the presence of a large number of lakes. There are more than 10 thousand lakes. The largest lakes are Vileyskoe, Zaslavskoe, Krasnoslobodskoe, Soligorskoe, Lyubanskoe, Osipovichskoe and Chygrynskoe.
On the territory of Belarus, there are more than 12 thousand plants and fungi, and the plant cover occupies about 70% of the country. These are mainly forests, meadows, swamps and shrubs, and quite a few plant species are found in water bodies.
Forests in Belarus are rich in mushrooms and fruit-berry plants. Among the edible mushrooms in the forests, one can find chanterelles, aspen mushrooms, white mushrooms, etc. The forests of Belarus are rich in mushrooms and fruit-berry plants. In addition, about 38 species of inedible mushrooms.
Among the fruit-berry plants in the forests, you can find blueberries, cranberries, blueberries, cowberries, mountain ash, etc.
In the meadows, you can find cereals and medicinal herbs, as well as those plants that are listed in the Red Book of the Republic of Belarus.
There are about 457 vertebrate species and more than 30 thousand invertebrates in Belarus.
On the territory of our country, you can see more than 70 mammal species: wild boars, wolves, beavers, bison and others.
Photo by spektr.by
Characteristics and type of climate in Belarus
Belarus has a moderate continental climate with warm summers and cool winters. Due to the moderate climatic conditions, winters are not cold and summers are not hot.
Features of the climate
The average temperature changes depending on the regions of Belarus. In July, the average temperature ranges from +17°C in the north to +18.5°C in the south. The average temperature in January ranges from -4.5°C in the south-west to -8°C in the northeast. In some regions of Belarus, the temperature remains below zero for more than a third of the year.
Air humidity, cloudiness, precipitation
On average, 600-700 mm of precipitation falls per year. 70% of precipitation in the form of rain falls in April – October. The number of snow days in Belarus ranges from 75 in the south-west to 125 in the northeast. The maximum height of snow cover is from 15 to 30 cm, respectively.
Cloudiness during the year ranges from 135 overcast days in the southeast to 175 in the north-west.
The average wind speed is 3 m/s. In winter, the wind blows more often from the southwest and in summer from the northwest. Wind speeds increase during the cold period, and there are about 5-10 days a year, during which there is an increase in wind speed up to 15 m/s and more in open areas. Storms and tornadoes are occasionally observed.
Weather and average temperature
Winters in Belarus are mild with frequent thaws, but occasional frosts as low as -30°C. The lowest temperature ever observed in Belarus is -44°C. The average temperature is -4°C to -9°C.
In spring, snowmelts in southern Belarus in early March and temperatures rise above 0°C, while in the north the snow melts only by the end of March. March and April account for the largest number of sunny days per year.
The average temperature in spring is 5°C.
Summer in Belarus starts depending on the location of the region. For example, in the northeast, it lasts three months, and in the south it lasts 4 months (it starts in mid-May and ends in mid-September).
The warmest month at this time of year is July. The average temperature is +18-20°C, but it can rise up to +30°C.
The most part of rains is in the second half of summer. Most often it is short, but heavy downpours in August.
In early autumn, Belarus always keeps warm and comfortable weather (about +17 ° C). By the end of September, fogs, cloudy days and rain come and continue throughout October. Moreover, in early November, the first frosts begin and snow falls.
The average temperature in autumn is from +3°C to +10°C.
Climate of Belarus by month
The average minimum temperature in January is -13°C and the average maximum temperature is -7°C. The number of sunny hours is 2 hours and the number of rainy days per month is 13. Rainfall is 30 mm per month.
The average minimum temperature is -11°C and the maximum temperature is -4°C.
The number of sunny hours is 2 hours and the number of rainy days per month is 12. 40 mm of rainfall per month.
The average minimum temperature is -7°C and the maximum is +1°C.
Number of sunny hours - 4 hours, number of rainy days in a month – 10. 40 mm of rainfall per month.
The average minimum temperature is +2°C, and the maximum temperature is +11°C.
The number of sunny hours - 5 hours, the number of rainy days per month – 10. 40 mm of rainfall per month.
The average minimum temperature is +8°C and the maximum temperature is +18°C.
Number of sunny hours - 8 hours, number of rainy days in a month – 10. 73 mm of rainfall per month.
The average minimum temperature is +11°C, and the maximum temperature is +22°C.
Number of sunny hours - 10 hours, number of rainy days in a month – 10. Rainfall is 63 mm per month.
The average minimum temperature is +12°C, and the maximum temperature is +23°C.
Number of sunny hours - 9 hours, number of rainy days in a month – 10. Rainfall is 63 mm per month.
The average minimum temperature is +12°C, and the maximum temperature is +22°C.
The number of sunny hours - 8 hours, the number of rainy days per month – 10. 82 mm of rainfall per month.
The average minimum temperature is +8°C, and the maximum temperature is +17°C.
Number of sunny hours - 6 hours, number of rainy days in a month – 9. Rainfall is 45 mm per month.
The average minimum temperature is +4°C, and the maximum temperature is +11°C.
Number of sunny hours - 3 hours, number of rainy days in a month – 10. Rainfall is 45 mm per month.
The average minimum temperature is -1°C and the maximum is +3°C.
Number of sunny hours - 1 hour, number of rainy days in a month – 13. 65 mm of rainfall per month.
The average minimum temperature is -8°C and the maximum temperature is – 3°C.
The number of sunny hours is 1 hour and the number of rainy days per month is 13. Rainfall is 42 mm per month.
Photo by way.by
Weather in cities and resorts
At Gismeteo website you can find out the weather for a given period. It always publishes the latest data.
Weather in cities depends on their location.
Minsk and its resorts are located on the southeastern slope of Minsk Upland. Therefore, summers are warm here, but not hot, while winters are mild and with private thaws.
The city is located in the southwest of the country. Therefore, the weather here is appropriate: mild winters and moderately warm summers.
Vitebsk is in the north of the country. Therefore, it is quite cold in winter and not very hot in summer.
Gomel is located in the southeast of the country and is the warmest city. Therefore, winter here is shorter than in other cities and summer is hotter.
The city is located in western Belarus. Winter here begins in late November and lasts about 3 and half months with an average temperature of -3°C. Summer is warm and humid, with an average temperature of -17 ° C.
Mogilev is the east of Belarus. The average annual temperature is 6°C with warm, but not hot summers and mild winters.
Climate change in the Republic of Belarus
What factors form the climate indicators of Belarus?
- Location in the temperate continental climate zone.
- The western part is influenced by the air masses of the Atlantic, which form the transitional climate from the sea to the continental one.
The flat topography of the territory.
What climate indicators characterize the climate in Belarus?
The climatic indicators include temperature, precipitation and wind.
When is the best time to go on vacation to Belarus?
If you are planning a summer holiday, it is best to come in June-July in order not to get under the August downpours. In addition, if it's winter, then in February or January, when the frost is not as severe as in December.
However, regardless of the weather conditions, Belarus is always beautiful, and its residents are happy guests.