Population of Belarus
In this material, we will tell, based on the official statistics of the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus, about the composition and structure of the population of the Republic of Belarus.
Population Census in Belarus
The last control stage of the census was completed in November 2019. The results will be available by the end of 2020 at www.belstat.gov.by in the «Respondents/Census section».
According to the National Statistics Committee of Belarus, about 10 million people live in Belarus on January 1, 2019. There are more women in Belarus than men: 4 and a half men and 5 million girls live in the country. More than 70% of Belarusians are citizens of Belarus.
Picture 1 Photo by naviny.by
The population density in Belarus was low between 1991 and 2004. This was due to a decline in the country's population. The dynamics of the indicator in the Gomel and Mogilev regions during this period were affected by the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster. At the beginning of 2006, the average population density in Belarus was 47 people per kilometre, compared with 49 in 1990. In 2017, the population density was 9508 million people.
Population composition in Belarus
The population of Belarus is characterized by ethnic and religious composition.
- Ethnic composition
Today there are about 130 peoples living in Belarus. Apart from the Belarusians, Russians (8.2%), Poles (3.1%), Ukrainians (1.7%), Jews (0.13) and other nationalities also live here.
The history of Belarus tells us that the main population of the country's villages were Belarusians, while Jews and Poles lived in towns and villages.
- Religious composition
Among the religious movements of Belarus, Orthodoxy and Catholicism prevail. Uniate, Protestantism, Judaism, Islam and other religions are also represented here. In total, there are up to 25 religious denominations in Belarus. Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution of the country and every year the number of believers increases and the number of temples increases.
The Gallup Centre conducted a study and found that, for 27 per cent of Belarusian citizens, religion plays an important role in their daily lives. According to this assessment, the Republic is among the 11 least religious countries in the world.
In 1997, a survey was conducted which showed that 49.5% of the population were believers. A survey in July 2010 showed that 59% of the population recognized themselves as believers. Of these, 82.5% are Orthodox Christians, 12% are Catholics, 4% consider themselves Muslims and Hinduism, and the rest are Protestants.
Semi-age structure of the population of Belarus
In the modern population of Belarus there is a tendency of aging, it means a decrease in the share of children and youth and an increase in the share of elderly and senile people. Belarus is very similar to many European countries in age structure. Europe also has a high share of elderly and seniors. Over the past 30 years, the number of children and teenagers in the country has decreased by almost 32%, the number of people able to work - by 2.5%, and the number of retired people has increased by 53%.
If the share of people of working age is more than 60% of the total population, it is considered high and low, if not reaching 50%. Today, there is a positive age structure in Belarus, as more than 60% of people of working age.
Population structure of Belarus
Belarus is a unitary state divided into six territorial units: Vitebsk, Brest, Mogilev, Gomel, Minsk and Grodno regions. Separately, the city of Minsk is not included in any of the regions. Each of the regions has its own administrative center.
- The population of Belarus by regions
There are 1,380,300 people living in Brest region. In Vitebsk region – 1 171 600 people, in Gomel region – 1 409 900. The population of Mogilev region is almost the same, with about 1,052,900 inhabitants. Minsk region is the most numerous. It is home for 1,428,500 people. The smallest region is Grodno, where 1,039,300 people are registered. By the way, in all regions of Belarus there are almost a hundred thousand fewer men than women.
- Cities of Belarus by population
The second place after Minsk in terms of population (Minsk population) is occupied by the city of Gomel (over 500 thousand inhabitants). They are followed by Mogilev (more than 380 thousand), not behind Vitebsk (370 thousand). Almost 375 thousand people live in Grodno, while in Brest – about 350 thousand.
- Population of the regions of Belarus
If we talk about cities that are not administrative centers, then Bobruisk is the leader in the Mogilev region (over 200 thousand residents). The second place is occupied by Baranovichy in Brest region (almost 180 thousand), the third – by Borisov in Minsk region (almost 143 thousand). But the smallest city in terms of population is Disna, which is located in Vitebsk region. Only one and a half thousand people permanently live in a small town near the Western Dvina River.
Employment of population
As of December 1, 2019 the level of registered unemployment to the number of economically active population was 0.2%. The highest unemployment rate is observed in Borisov and Puhovichi districts – 0.4%, while the lowest in Minsk district – 0.03%.
Picture 2 Photo by udf.by
According to the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus, 686.2 thousand people were employed in the economy of the region in January – October 2019. During January – November 2019, 25.1 thousand people, 11.7 thousand of them are registered as unemployed, applied to the authorities on labor, employment and social protection for assistance in finding a job. 28,200 persons were in need of employment, 13,500 of them unemployed.
18,000 unemployed persons were employed in the vacant and created permanent jobs. Subsidized support was provided to 253 unemployed people for the organization of their own business.
Feature of the Population of Belarus
According to last year's data, 94,388 children were born in Belarus in 2018. The birth rate of the second child was 39.4%, while the third – 15.4%. The family, where parents became parents for the fourth time or more, is only 6%. At the same time, the natural loss of population amounted to 25,543 people last year, almost 9 thousand more than in 2017.
The trend of birth rate in Belarus remains. To stimulate the birth rate, the Belarusian authorities are taking various measures: expanding the social package for families with children, increasing monthly benefits, family capital and creating housing benefits.
The Statistical Committee will provide information on the population of Belarus in February 2020. In addition, more detailed information on socio-demographic characteristics, including actual unemployment, will be available in July 2020. Information on the activities of the population in agriculture will be freely available from July 2021.