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COVID

Coronavirus in Belarus: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Coronavirus is a new strain that has not previously been detected in humans. Coronavirus causes disease from a household cold to SARS and serious complications.

How dangerous is COVID-19?

Coronaviruses affect the human respiratory system and gastrointestinal tract, but this is not the only thing that is dangerous. Coronavirus has a specific penetration mechanism - it penetrates the cell through its membrane and is embedded in human DNA. This leads to damage to tissues in the respiratory system and the gastrointestinal tract, causing further complications.

Coronaviruses do not penetrate through the cell membrane in a chaotic order, but attack the transmembrane receptors and mimic S-proteins important for life, which leads to complicated recognition of the virus by the immune system.

Some coronaviruses are contagious even before symptoms appear in an infected person.

How does the virus spread?

Infected people can infect Coronavirus. The disease is transmitted from person to person through small droplets released from the nose or mouth by sneezing and coughing. The droplets get on surrounding objects and surfaces. Infection can occur by touching these objects and then in the eyes, nose or mouth. Infection can also occur by breathing small droplets that are released when you sneeze and cough with contaminated COVID-19. It is therefore important to maintain a distance of more than 1 meter.

How can I get coronavirus?

Coronavirus can be contracted from an infected person or animal. Mechanisms of disease transmission:

  • by airborne droplets;
  • airborne dust;
  • fecal-oral;
  • through contact with an infected person.

The incubation period is about 5 days, but may last from 1 to 14 days.

Immunity after the disease is not generated - it can be re-infected. With repeated and subsequent infection, the disease is more severe than it was the first time and causes severe complications to the respiratory system.

How do I recognize the first signs of COVID-19?

Signs of coronavirus include respiratory syndromes, fever, cough, breathing problems and respiratory disorders. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia or acute respiratory syndrome, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and death of an infected person.

Symptoms of COVID-19

Contaminated COVID-19 has the following symptoms:

  • pain in swallowing and sneezing;
  • rhinitis;
  • headache;
  • reduced oxygen content in the body or individual organs and tissues;
  • coughing;
  • temperature rise;
  • chill;
  • muscle pain.