Oil refining in Belarus
In any country there are domestic and foreign policies, as well as industries and enterprises that actively represent the first or the second. In this article, we will tell you about oil refining in our country, as well as factories and the products they produce. In addition, here you will find information on export to Belarus.
Petrochemical sector in Belarus
The bulk of oil refining organizations are united by Belneftekhim concern. It is one of the largest and most strategically important industrial complexes in the country. Industry organizations provide about 30 percent of the industrial output of the Republic of Belarus and half of the export of goods. Industry products are exported to more than 120 countries. Over 70 percent of the products produced by the petrochemical complex are sold on the external market. On foreign markets it is represented by a wide distribution network.
The Belarusian State Concern for Oil and Chemistry (concern "Belneftekhim") is one of the largest industrial complexes in the Republic of Belarus.
The concern was established in April 1997 and unites enterprises and organizations for the extraction, processing and transportation of oil, oil products supply, chemistry and petrochemistry, a number of scientific, design, construction, repair and commissioning organizations, as well as a wide distribution network in foreign markets.
The concern produces over 500 types of petrochemical and chemical products.
The enterprises of the concern carry out a full cycle of work related to the exploration and production of oil, its transportation, processing and sale of oil products.
Belarusian oil refineries are characterized by a high technological level of oil refining depth and the quality of oil products that meet international standards.
Organizations of the petrochemical complex of the republic produce:
nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium sulfate, urea-ammonia mixtures);
phosphorus fertilizers (ammonized superphosphate and ammophos of various brands);
complex NPK fertilizers (in one granule) and fertilizer mixtures of various brands;
automobile gasolines (including those meeting Euro-4.5 requirements), diesel fuel (including for the operation of diesel engines in the Arctic and cold winter climates), fuel for RT and Jet A-1 subsonic jet engines, aromatic hydrocarbons;
tires for cars, trucks and heavy vehicles, light trucks and buses of extra small capacity, buses and trolleybuses, road construction and lifting-transport vehicles, for tractors and agricultural machines, for vehicles of extra heavy duty, electric vehicles and car trailers;
polyester fibers and threads;
high-pressure polyethylene of both base grades and compositions based on it, as well as a wide range of polyacrylonitrile fibers;
fiberglass and materials based on it (threads, rovings, chopped fibers, nets, fabrics of various structures and needle-punched heat-insulating materials), fiberglass products;
polyamide fibers and threads, cord fabrics, as well as primary polyamide-6 and composite materials based on it;
non-woven materials based on polypropylene and polyethylene terephthalate;
carbon fiber materials, Arselon products (fibers, threads, fabrics, etc.);
paints and varnishes, phthalic anhydride and other products.
All organizations that are part of the concern operate according to a system of international standards. In terms of the quality and ecological purity of motor fuel, the Republic of Belarus is the leader among the CIS countries. Work is being actively pursued to introduce environmental safety management standards and occupational health and safety management standards.
Belarusian oil refinery factories
Industrial Association “Belorusneft”
The factory produces a full cycle of work related to oil exploration and production, both in the Republic of Belarus and abroad: in the Russian Federation, Venezuela, Ecuador and other countries.
1.645 million tons of oil is produced annually in Belarus. The stabilization of oil production volumes since 2013 has been achieved thanks to the use of modern well development methods, the production of hard-to-recover oil reserves, the introduction of new equipment and technologies.
The largest network of filling stations under the Belorusneft brand provides almost 70 percent of the volume of motor fuel sales in the country and provides a number of services to consumers at the most modern level.
Belorusneft is also launching a large-scale innovative project to develop the tourism potential of Belarus, the routes of the project will begin at the organization’s gas station.
Public corporation “Mozyr Oil Refinery”
Mozyr Oil Refinery produces a wide range of petroleum products. Among them: unleaded gasoline; diesel fuel for a temperate climate, diesel fuel for a cold and arctic climate, household heating oil, heating oil, roofing oil bitumen, building oil bitumen, road bitumen; liquefied hydrocarbon fuel gases of the SPBT grade for domestic consumption, liquefied hydrocarbon gas of the PBA grade and liquefied hydrocarbon gases; vacuum gas oils; methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE); raw materials for the production of petroleum bitumen; technical sulfur; environmentally improved kerosene; petroleum benzene.
The products of the Mozyr Refinery are characterized by:
low content of sulfur compounds in unleaded gasoline, diesel fuels, lighting kerosene;
lack of octane boosting and other additives in gasoline.
The plant also produces competitive high quality products that meet the requirements of national and foreign standards. Continuous improvement of the technological scheme of the plant allows improving the quality of products, focusing on the requirements of the world market, the requirements of environmental legislation and labor protection.
Public corporation “Naftan”
At present "Naftan" is a large petrochemical complex that produces various types of fuel, lubricating oils and bitumen, aromatic hydrocarbons and petrochemical products.
A large-scale investment program is being implemented at Naftan. It is based on the implementation of technological solutions aimed at increasing the depth of oil refining up to 92%.
Over the past few years, the quality of the fuels produced by Naftan has been brought in line with European specifications. "Naftan" produces AI-92 and AI-95 gasolines, and also increases the production of its main export product - diesel fuel, which meets the Euro-5 standard.
Diversification of the assortment and modernization of the oil production continues. Among the latest innovations are the all-season engine oils Naftan Garant (SJ / CD) and Naftan Premier (SL / CF).
Petroleum products produced in Belarus
More than 500 types of petrochemical and chemical products are produced in Belarus. The petrochemical complex of Belarus includes organizations for the extraction, processing and transportation of oil, oil products supply, chemistry and petrochemistry, a number of scientific, design, construction, repair and commissioning organizations.
Export of petroleum products
In April-June 2019, the export of oil products from Belarus was sharply reduced due to oil force majeure due to the supply of chloride-contaminated oil from the Russian Federation. Since July, export volume has gradually recovered and reached the traditional level of about 1 million per month at the end of the year.
In value terms, the export of oil products in 2019 decreased by 19.7% to $ 5.2 billion. The average price of export of oil products last year amounted to $ 494.5 per ton (a decrease of 9%).
In the structure of exports for 2019, deliveries to the EU countries amounted to 7 million tons (a decrease of 17.6%) by $ 3.06 billion (a decrease of 27.3%).
By the end of the year, supplies of Belarusian oil products to Ukraine maintained positive dynamics and increased by 4.6% to 3.3 million tons. In value terms, exports to Ukraine decreased by 4.1% to $ 2 billion due to a decrease in the average supply price by 8.3% to $ 607.6 per ton.
At the end of 2019, Belarus also restored the positive dynamics of oil exports of its own production, which was stopped in May due to oil force majeure and resumed in June, with a gradual recovery in volumes. In 2018, Belarus reduced its export of oil products by 3.1% to 11.93 million tons. Export of oil of own production amounted to 1.64 million tons, an increase of 1.2%.
International relations of Belarus in the field of oil refining
Russia is the main oil supplier of Belarus. Recently, there have been difficulties with deliveries. The new year for the Belarusian-Russian relations began with the oil crisis: on January 1, Russia cut off oil supplies to Belarusian refineries, since the contracts expired on December 31, 2019. Minsk and Moscow negotiated all December - almost until the chimes, but they could not agree on the price of oil. After that, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko ordered the supply of oil from alternative sources. The Belarusian state concern Belneftekhim has confirmed that the supply of Russian oil has been stopped, and the load has been reduced to a technological minimum.
Oil refining statistics in Belarus
The volume of oil refining in Belarus in 2018 amounted to 18.2 million tons (100.4% compared to 2017), the output of oil products increased by 2.5%. The growth of the industrial production index in 2018 was provided at the level of 102.2%. The production of AI-95 gasoline, ammonium sulfate, fertilizers containing several nutrients, and other products increased.
In 2018, the positive foreign trade balance in the industry increased 2.7 times by 2017, the balance amounted to more than $ 650 million. Exported goods worth $ 9.6 billion, including oil products worth $ 6.5 billion. The growth rate of export of goods amounted to 122 , 5% to the level of 2017, export of services - 113.2%.
Stocks of finished products for the Belneftekhim concern as of January 1, 2019 amounted to 13.1% of the average monthly production volume. All targets and the task to save fuel and energy resources have been met. 1.64 million tons of marketable oil was produced (101.2% by 2017).
The main directions of development in the petrochemical industry
One of the main directions of development of the oil refining industry in the future should be the further deepening of oil refining. And the wide development of oil refining processes such as catalytic cracking and reforming, hydrocracking, hydrotreating, coking, urea dewaxing, etc. is also very important to the development of the area.
Photo: teknoblog.ru, 4esnok.by