Allergies are one of the most common diseases worldwide. Allergy is a special form of response to allergens that enter the body through barrier tissues. Allergology studies specialized hypersensitivity, which provokes immunological inflammatory reactions. To eliminate unhealthy manifestations, you need to contact allergists. Doctors accept patients both in private allergology clinics and in hospital departments.
When should I contact an allergist-immunologist?
Allergology and immunology are interrelated medical industries. An allergist-immunologist treats pathologies associated with the malfunctioning of the immune system. You need to see this doctor with:
- problems with breathing, suffocation;
- dry cough reflex;
- discharge from the nasal passages;
- lacrimation, conjunctivitis, swelling of the eyelids;
- skin rashes, urticaria;
- nausea, diarrhea.
Note! The term “allergy” comes from the Greek language and means “other exposure”.
Unhealthy symptoms appear at certain periods of the year if a person has seasonal allergies. If a patient suffers from pathological symptoms year-round, then irritants are constantly close to the patient.
The sphere of professional activity of an allergist includes therapy of the following pathologies:
- allergic conjunctivitis;
- atopic dermatitis;
- hay fever;
- bronchial asthma;
- allergic rhinitis;
- food allergy;
- Lyell's syndrome.
One of the most dangerous allergic reactions is Quincke's edema. The condition threatens the patient's life, it is accompanied by swelling of the tongue, face, swelling of the larynx, which provokes an attack of suffocation.
Diagnostic measures are required to identify individual irritating elements, for this the doctor:
- studies the patient’s history, examines him;
- collects skin samples for certain allergens;
- tests the patient’s breathing.
Specific diagnostic methods include bronchoscopy, spirometry.
In order to correctly identify the allergen, the doctor needs the results of analyzes of the patient's biological materials. The doctor prescribes the following studies:
- analysis of blood serum to determine antibodies;
- bacterial blood culture;
- analysis of feces for dysbiosis;
- serological and molecular tests to detect concomitant infections (bacterial, viral, parasitic);
- determination of the susceptibility of the body to antibacterial, antimycotic and other types of drugs.
A comprehensive medical examination is also necessary: a doctor tests the reactions of natural inhibition of leukocytes in the oral cavity, makes a sampling of the discharge from the nasal passages, eyeballs, auricles.
The main method of treating allergic reactions is to avoid contact with malaise provocateurs. In most cases, this is not possible, therefore medication is required. An allergist prescribes various drugs based on the clinical picture of the disease:
- hormonal ointments;
- immunomodulating medications.
It is important to follow your doctor’s prescriptions and take your prescribed medications regularly.
Highly qualified doctors
Problems with immune reactions are accompanied by various symptoms: skin rashes, tearing, nasal discharge. So what kind of doctor can help to get rid of anxiety symptoms?
Allergists diagnose and treat diseases of an allergic etiology that are provoked by an unhealthy sensitivity to provocative allergens.
This specialist studies the body's immune functions and is engaged in the treatment of diseases caused by inadequate immunity. In medical practice, two concepts are often combined, and you can get an appointment with an allergist-immunologist.
Doctors of this specialization treat skin pathologies and defects that are not associated with hypersensitivity to dangerous substances. Skin problems cause various infections, metabolic disorders and diets.
In order to prevent the progression of allergic reactions, you need to:
- avoid contact with allergens;
- take antihistamines;
- properly care for your home, wipe dust and do wet cleaning;
- walk in places with a minimal spread of plants and insects;
- protect the organs of vision and breathing with increased hypersensitivity;
- do not consume highly allergenic products.
It is also important to avoid stressful situations, engage in vigorous physical activity and abandon bad habits.
Pediatric immunology and allergology
Pediatric allergology is a medical branch that acts as an intermediate link between pediatrics and immunology. The immunology deals with the problems of immunodeficiency in children, which are caused by immune disorders. A pediatric allergist prevents and treats allergic manifestations.
The best allergists in Belarus
In Minsk, you can make an appointment with professional and experienced allergists:
- Baranaeva Elena Alekseevna;
- Nesterovich Svetlana Petrovna;
- Prisevok Evgenia Konstantinovna;
- Adutskevich Vaseline Nikolaevna;
- Bondar Tamara Alexandrovna.
All specialists are experienced in the treatment of allergic reactions.
Medical centers in Minsk
Allergology centers in Mink are represented by the following medical institutions:
- Sedmoye nebo;
- Lubimy doctor;
You can also visit the Minsk Regional Clinical Hospital - the Department of Allergology, the City Clinical Hospital No. 10 - the Department of Allergology, you can also see a doctor at clinics in Minsk.
An allergy cannot be ignored, since such a condition can threaten your life. Contact competent allergists and stay healthy.
Photo: drdavanzo.com, ksmmedic.ru.