The human body is a self-regulating protection system: if a virus enters it, strong immunity immediately reacts and destroys it. In cases where the immune defense weakens or, conversely, is excessively activated, an imbalance develops, pathologies of the immune system begin to progress. The treatment of these diseases in Minsk is carried out by immunologists.
Allergic diseases and immunity diseases
Immune diseases are differentiated into 2 categories:
- Autoimmune, when the immune system is too active, and it begins to purposefully destroy the whole body - allergic reactions, lupus, sclerosis.
- Immunodeficiency - the weakening of the defence as a result of incorrect coordination between cellular structures.
Immunodeficiencies are divided into primary and secondary. The primary are of a genetic nature, the secondary develop in the process of human life (AIDS, hepatitis, asthma, bronchitis).
What is immunology?
Immunology is a science that studies the reactions of the human body to antigens, the causes of their development and progression. This is one of the few disciplines that are characterized by instability - pathogens constantly mutate, and immunology should change approaches to the treatment of diseases.
Who is an immunologist?
A doctor with a higher medical education who is engaged in solving problems with the immune system is called an immunologist. The specialist is engaged in the prevention and treatment of malfunctions in the immune functioning, controls their effect on the patient's body. In addition, immunologists are involved in the creation of vaccines against various pathologies.
What diseases are connected with immunology?
Along with immunodeficiency and autoimmune conditions, a number of the following disorders are treated in immunology:
- Chediak-Higashi syndrome (gene mutation);
- hay fever;
- autoimmune thyroiditis;
- Shulman's disease (damage to the subcutaneous tissue and muscles);
- autoimmune hepatitis;
- X-chromosomal agammaglobulinemia.
The immunologist also treats diseases of unknown etiology, often recurring purulent, viral and infectious pathologies, and also eliminates allergic reactions.
Therapy of young patients is carried out by immunologists who specialize in studying the characteristics of the reactions of the child's body and the specifics of treating such conditions. The doctor eliminates the genetic and acquired ailments, fights allergic manifestations and vaccinates babies. When prescribing therapy, the immunologist-pediatrician must take into account that the child’s immunity is not fully formed, therefore, he is not able to fully resist pathogenic microorganisms.
Immunology for foreign citizens
Patients who are not citizens of the Republic of Belarus can come to a consultation with an immunologist, pass the necessary tests and undergo laboratory tests for a fee.
The visit to the doctor is accompanied by:
- examination and questioning of the patient;
- preparation of an anamnesis (it is important not to hide anything from a specialist).
To identify the pathology, it is also required to pass a skin test for allergens and donate blood to determine antibodies.
The best allergists-immunologists in Belarus
Highly qualified specialists work in the Republic of Belarus:
- Kozyro Inna Alexandrovna;
- Dotsenko Eduard Anatolevich;
- Korol Svetlana Mikhailovna;
- Kalenik Tatyana Petrovna.
Doctors have extensive experience in treating immune disorders.
Medical centers, department and clinics of immunology in Minsk
Immunologists work in the following clinics in Minsk:
- Advisory Center "Professor Medical Advisory Center";
- RSPC N. N. Alexandrov;
- Republican Scientific and Practical Center for Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Immunology.
Specialists also provide their services in private medical centers: Lode, Biomedica, Ecomedservice, Lybimi Doctor, Horizont, Sinlab.
The immunity of a modern person is very vulnerable, and if you began to notice a deterioration in well-being and recurring diseases, contact an immunologist. A doctor will help you solve your problems.