The term "neurology" is translated from Greek as the science of nerves. The history of neurology dates back more than 150 years, a modern discipline explores the nervous system both in a healthy and pathological state. This medical section deals with diseases of the peripheral and central nervous system, considers the mechanisms of development of pathologies, their manifestation and methods of therapy. A neurologist is a physician who has received a higher specialized education and neurological specialization. In Minsk you can visit hospitals, centers and clinics of neurology.
Neurology and Neurosurgery
All internal organs in the human body are regulated by the nervous system, which is differentiated into:
- central, it includes the spinal cord and brain;
- peripheral, including nerves.
If the activity of the nervous system is disrupted, there is a malfunction in the work of internal organs, a person urgently needs to contact a neurologist.
Neurology is engaged in the treatment of pathologies of the nervous system with the help of conservative measures, the discipline can be called restorative. And neurosurgery solves serious dysfunctions through surgery.
Note! In neurology, there is a branch that studies nervous functioning of animals - veterinary neurology.
Both directions investigate the etiology, course, and morphological manifestations of diseases of the nervous system. The diagnostic methods used in these fields of medicine are same, but some of them are prescribed by a neurosurgeon in order to accurately identify the cause of the disorder.
Diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system
The detection of a disease in neurology is possibe with a neurological examination, the doctor studies:
- intellectual characteristics of the patient;
- his ability to orientate in space;
- level of consciousness;
- susceptibility of the skin.
Note! The most informative diagnostic measure is magnetic resonance tomography.
For an accurate diagnosis, the patient is prescribed for tomography of the brain. The study allows you to detect departments with hemorrhage, the presence of tumour formations. The patient should also take blood tests, do a screening, x-ray, lumbar puncture (if it is necessary).
Neurology treats diseases that are divided into 3 groups:
- Infectious - resulting from the pathogenic effects of fungi, viruses, bacteria. With such infections, the central nervous system is usually affected - malaria encephalitis, measles.
- Traumatic - which developed after an injury. This group includes neurological diseases such as concussion, impaired consciousness.
- Hereditary - due to genetic factors. These include Down, Peak, Alzheimer's disease, sclerosis.
It should be understood that neurology is interconnected with other medical branches: cardiology, psychiatry. Separately, pathologies of the nervous system of the vascular type are distinguished as a branch of neurology: stroke, cerebrovascular insufficiency.
Pathology is a type of neurodegenerative, it is the most common form of "senile dementia" when brain cells die. The patient feels apathy, problems with short-term memory, speech function. It is impossible to stop the progression of the disease, doctors are only able to restrain its manifestations.
Epileptology - a direction in neurology that explores the mechanisms of development and treatment of epilepsy. Epilepsy in neurology is a complex of disorders manifested by epileptic seizures, motor and consciousness changes.
Neuralgia is a lesion of the peripheral nerves, which leads to severe pain on the innervation site. The localization of pain depends on the location of the affected nerve. The patient also notes a deterioration in autonomic, sensitive and motor functions. In case of late visit to a neurologist, the condition becomes chronic.
Insomnia is a phenomenon recurring at least 3 times a week for a month. The condition is accompanied by difficulties or lack of sleep. A person cannot fall asleep on his own, he is experiencing lethargy, emotional disturbances, and decreased productivity.
Disseminated encephalomyelitis is a dangerous disease that affects the nervous system, in particular the myelin meninges. Pathology occurs against the background of a recent infection or becomes a consequence of vaccination. Therapy should be carried out under the strict supervision of a neurologist.
In neurology, groups of symptoms are distinguished that turn into syndromes; it turns out that the disease is a combination of syndromes. They allow you to optimize the diagnosis. The general symptoms of neurological disorders include:
- disorder of the emotional background;
- muscle atrophy.
Note! Failure in the regulation of nervous activity is manifested by a violation of the sensitivity of the skin.
The clinical picture of the pathology depends on the cause of the disease, the area of the damage and the individual characteristics of the body.
A neurologist is engaged in the prevention, therapy and detection of disorders of the peripheral and central nervous systems, the treatment of certain disorders of the musculoskeletal functions that affect the activity of the nervous system.
In neurology, the treatment of individual diagnoses depends on its stage, as well as on the age and health of the patient. The main methods of therapy in neurology are:
- therapeutic traction of the spinal column;
One of the most popular therapeutic methods in neurology is botulinum therapy - injection of botulinum toxin type A. This method is used against neurological and dermatological pathologies.
Hospital: Department of Neurology
In order to receive qualified neurological care, you can contact the following hospitals and departments of neurology:
- Minsk Regional Clinical Hospital (Department of Neurology);
- medical department "Metilik";
- 5th city clinical hospital (neurology department).
You can find the phone number of the department of neurology, read reviews about hospitals of neurology, and also find out if a free consultation of a neurologist is possible on the website of the medical institution.
Inpatient and therapy
The Republican Scientific and Practical Center for Neurology in Minsk provides both basic therapy and inpatient treatment. Detailed information about the neurology hospital can be found on the official website. For the treatment of neurological pathology in Belarus, sanatorium recovery is also used. In sanatoriums of neurology, they facilitate painful manifestations and normalize the functioning of the nervous system.
RSPC of Neurology and Neurosurgery in Minsk
The Republican Scientific and Practical Center of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Minsk is the main scientific center of neurology in Belarus. Highly qualified doctors work in this regional neurology hospital. At the RSPC, doctors solve problems of any complexity in the field of neurological dysfunctions.
Pediatric neurology is a branch of medicine. Children's neurological disorders are treated by pediatric neurologists, they use special methods of therapy that are suitable specifically for children.
Больницы и отделение детской неврологии Hospitals and the Department of Pediatric Neurology
Hospitals and the Department of Pediatric Neurology
There is a department of pediatric neurology at the RSPC. In pediatric neurology, doctors who specialize in the treatment of small patients and have the appropriate education work. Brain neurology is also practiced at the 3rd city children's clinical hospital of neurology, at the center of pediatric neurology. There is a consultations office and a hospital.
Prevention of neurological pathologies is an important component of a healthy lifestyle. Each person should observe basic preventive measures:
- eat properly;
- do not abuse alcohol;
- do physical activity;
It is important to avoid stressful situations and find the right ways to relieve stress and relaxation.
Neurology for foreign citizens
In Belarus, foreign citizens are invited to undergo a number of programs for the treatment of neurological dysfunctions, you can use the paid services of neurology. Doctors of paid neurology make appointments both in private medical centers and in hospitals in Minsk.
Neurology provides many therapeutic services. A doctor can treat and consult on radiculitis, plexitis, osteochondrosis, neuritis and other neurological diseases that cause pain. At the appontment, a neurologist:
- checks reflexes;
- examines muscle strength;
- studies sensitivity;
- evaluates the functioning of the vestibular apparatus, nervous system.
The doctor uses special tools and conducts tests.
The best neurologists in Belarus
Good neurology is based on the work of an experienced, qualified doctor. The best neurologists in Belarus are:
- Garbuzov Sergey Ivanovich;
- Betikova Olga Mikhailovna;
- Strashkevich Lyudmila Ivanovna;
- Poluden Irina Vladimirovna.
You can read reviews about neurology doctors, the price of an appointment, and also find out the phone number of neurology on the website of the clinic you are interested in.
Medical centers, departments and clinics of neurology in Minsk
In Minsk you can visit the following neurology clinics:
- Center for Healthy Sleep;
Neurology centers accept patients for a fee.
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