Psychotherapy is a science about the influencing human mind using special psychotherapeutic techniques, which involves the use of medicines only in exceptional cases.
At the psychotherapist’s appointment, the sessions of the psychotherapy of psychosomatic, behavioral disorders, addictions (alcohol, nicotine) are carried out.
What diseases does a good psychotherapist treat?
A psychotherapist is a qualified specialist with a higher medical education who treats mild mental diseases. In his practice, he uses various techniques that help the patient to change his consciousness and perception of certain problems or events.
A good psychotherapist, before starting the treatment itself, will conduct a thorough conversation with the patient in order to identify medical problems.
It is important to understand that every doctor is more specialized in the certain direction. Universal doctors, like a universal pill, do not exist.
The main diseases that good psychotherapists treat:
- Issues of the teenage crisis;
- Family psychotherapy (crises, divorces, betrayals);
- Alcohol addiction;
- Drug addiction;
- Psychotherapy for relatives of people addicted to alcohol;
- Work with depressive states, insomnia.
When do people need the help of a psychotherapist?
One day a depressed period can become in everyone´s life when people cannot enjoy the life, give up, every small affair (for example, shopping) becomes an epic and makes them put a lot of effort into it. In the following depressing conditions, when you cannot cope with personal and life difficulties on your own, despite consultations, you need the professional help of a psychotherapist:
Depression is an extremely common condition in modern society. It arises as a result of the loss of loved people, a decrease of the status in society, as well as because of previous or new diseases. It appears as frequent anxiety, sleep disturbances, despair, and decreased self-esteem.
Often, people begin a full examination of the physical component of health and cannot find anything, because they forget about mental health. In such cases, a visit to a psychotherapist helps.
A sense of anxiety is a physiological component of the human mind in response to external unknown and potentially dangerous irritants. However, normally, a man quickly adapts to it and only acquires new information.
Some people with genetic and immune disorders, nutritional disturbance, and a modern fast lifestyle can experience high anxiety. It appears with the following symptoms:
- Anxiety on minor occasions;
- The state of constant tension and the inability to relax during everyday life;
- Anxious sleep and insomnia;
- A feeling of helplessness in panic and excitement;
- Tension of the muscles of the shoulder girdle.
A panic attack is a spontaneous feeling that people experience with a very strong sense of fear.
A panic attack can be diagnosticated by the following symptoms:
- Fast heartbeat and high pulse;
- Internal tremor and tremor of the parts of the body;
- Breathlessness and feeling of the lack of air;
- Feeling the pressure in the left side of the chest;
- Megrim and fainting;
- Fear of losing your mind and death;
- Fear of committing an uncontrolled action;
- Sense of paresthesia (tingling) and numbness of the parts of the body.
Neurosis is a group of neuropsychiatric disorders that appears as a depressed state because of exhaustion of the body. Basically, the cause of the disease is a stress factor that constantly affects a person (inadequate relative, picky boss at work, etc.).
The symptoms of neurosis:
- Unstable emotional background;
- Waiting for troubles;
- Easy fatigability;
- Skin problems (skin itching);
- Problems in the gastrointestinal tract;
- Pain in the chest.
In most cases, when a man eliminate the irritator, the neurosis goes away, and the internal resources of the human body are restored.
Anorexia and bulimia
Anorexia and bulimia are psychological diseases that mostly girls from 14 to 23 years old with a fear of putting on weight, nutritional disorders and severe weight loss have.
It is extremely important to form healthy relations in the family and prevent the disharmony of the intellectual and emotional development of a child.
Anorexia is a disease characterized by a nutritional disorder caused by an intentional weight loss.
Bulimia is a disorder characterized by a nutritional disorder with an excessive uncontrolled appetite followed by a purposely induced vomiting.
Phobias - Imagined Fears
A phobia is an imagined obsessive fear that is associated with a particular object, event, or activity.
It is believed that most phobias come from childhood (horror stories, horrification, an unexpected meeting with a scary dog on the street, etc.).
Phobias are distinguished into:
- Isolated – a fear of certain situations and objects (fear of spiders, floods);
- Social – a fear of a negative assessment of others on your actions.
The treatment of alcoholism
Alcohol addiction is the most pressing problem of modern society.
It is characterized with four consecutive syndromes:
- Changes in reactivity (tolerance to increased doses of alcohol and the absence of a protective vomiting reflex);
- Psychological dependence (reduced ability to tolerate stress, life difficulties without drinking alcohol);
- Mental dependence (apathy without alcohol);
- Physical dependence (insomnia, anxiety, changes in blood pressure depending on alcohol).
When a patient contacts to a therapist, he feels self-confidence, self-esteem. If you manage to turn to a specialist on time, you can save your family, a good job, reputation and financial well-being.
Addiction is an overly obsessive human need for something. There are nicotine, alcohol, drugs, food, and other addictions.
It is important to understand that the effect of treatment will be possible only if a doctor and a patient cooperate with each other. At the same time, new priorities and values will be gradually formed.
Along with alcohol addiction, there is also such as overweight. At the fast pace of the world around us, people begin to eat badly, a progressive increase in all kinds of fast food contributes to this.
With overweight, the following risks increase:
- cardiovascular diseases;
- diabetes of the 2nd type;
- inflammatory joint diseases.
Taking pills that affect appetite, surgery to reduce the size of the stomach, etc. does not make sense without the implementation of psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy services in Minsk
Hypnotherapy is an effect on human mind in order to activate internal forces for self-healing. During hypnosis therapy, the person himself can cure the disease.
The hypnotherapy treats the following diseases:
- alcohol, nicotine, food addictions;
- neurosis, phobia;
- panic attacks;
- anorexia, bulimia;
- sleep disturbances.
Hypnotiability can be different. Many people have to work additionally on themselves in order to learn how to get a hypnotic trance.
Very often, many prejudices interfere with the treatment of hypnosis, so from 2 to 5 sessions it may take to establish a trusting relations between the doctor and the patient.
Hypnotic trance is a special state of consciousness in which attention is fixed on the certain aspect. During it, a person is completely relaxed and perceives the words of a doctor on a mental level. It is the basis of the hypnosis therapy.
Psychotherapy on group
Group therapy is a type of psychotherapy in which a group of patients regularly meets with a qualified psychotherapist to achieve their goals.
It allows you to analyse the possibilities of your behaviour and get feedback from group members. Each participant can consider their problem, using the example of other people, analyse the sequence and logic of actions.
Group psychotherapeutic trainings allow you to treat:
- Crisis conditions;
The help of a psychotherapist is required not only for adults, but also for children (toddlers and teenagers). It is necessary to carefully monitor the behaviour of a child.
A child psychotherapist is not primarily a doctor, but a friend of both a child and a family, who will listen carefully and give a solution to the problem.
The main questions of child´s psychotherapy:
- Anorexia, bulimia.
A family psychotherapist is a doctor who perceives a family as a whole. Spouses can have different upbringing, their views on this or that family duty may differ. These causes bring about conflicts that can be solved together or with the help of a specialist.
Family psychologist solves the following issues:
- Jealousy, betrayals;
- Fading of the emotional connection between spouses;
- Disagreements in raising children;
- Aggressive behaviour of a partner;
- Claims between partners;
- Disagreements of cultural and religious nature.
Every day people are in direct contact with the environment. The brain reacts to any phenomenon. All these phenomena are irritants. Under the influence of stress, a malfunction of the nervous system occur. Such conditions require the advice of a psychotherapist.
The doctor will establish trusting relations between him and the patient, using the techniques of hypnosis, psychoanalysis, therapy with drawings or music; prescribe medicines if it is necessary.
How to make an appointment with a psychotherapist?
In Minsk, both public and private centers offer the psychotherapeutic assistance. Here (https://justarrived.by/ru/health/medical-centres/psikhoterapiia) is a list of institutions with addresses and location on the map.
In order to make an appointment with a psychotherapist, you need to call the center and find out the hours of the doctor’s appointment, you can also directly go to the institution and clarify the information.
The services for foreign citizens are provided in state institutions on a paid basis.
In case of a panic attack that occurred suddenly, you can contact one of the following phones:
8 (017) 246-03-03 - emergency psychological assistance for children;
8 (017) 290-44-44 - emergency psychological assistance for adults.
The best psychotherapists of Minsk
A list of the best psychotherapists in Minsk can be found here (https://justarrived.by/ru/health/medical-centres/psikhoterapiia).
When you choose a specialist, pay attention to:
- Work experience;
- Qualification category;
- Additional courses;
- Scientific degrees;
- Applied methods and techniques;
In Minsk, there are a lot of medical centers that offer individual, group and family psychotherapy services. Qualified doctors, psychotherapists, who are familiar with various psychological techniques conduct the appointments.
The centers will help you cope with depression, neurosis, anxious sleep, family disagreements, etc. without registration.
You can find the list of services, doctors and locations of public and private medical centers here (https://justarrived.by/ru/health/medical-centres/psikhoterapiia).