What does an urologist do?
An urologist is a specialist who treats the genitourinary system. The genitourinary system is represented by: kidneys, ureters, bladder, prostate gland, testes, appendages of the testes, seminal vesicles, seminal ducts, penis, etc.
Many people believe that an urologist is a male doctor, but this is not so, both man and woman can visit an urologist. A specialist consult for painful sensations that occur during urination, frequent sensation of overflow of the bladder even with a small amount of accumulated urine, clouding of urine, pain in the lower abdomen.
Some diseases of the genitourinary system cannot be overcome on an outpatient basis. In such cases, doctors turn to methods of clinical urology and refer the patient to hospitalization.
In the urological departments of Belarus, it is possible to conduct studies of all types of urological pathologies (laboratory, instrumental, radiological, magnetic resonance and computed tomography).
All of them are equipped with modern facilities that allows for endoscopic interventions, in particular, dissection of urethral strictures and ureters, contact crushing of ureter stones and bladder, transurethral resection for prostate adenoma, prostate and bladder cancer, sclerosis of the prostate and bladder neck.
Doctors are highly qualified and, with the help of professional medical personnel, perform any urological operations for urolithiasis, hydronephrosis, urinary tract strictures, vesicovaginal and ureteral-vaginal fistulas, and urinary incontinence during physical exertion.
Republican Center of Urology and Andrology in Minsk
The Republican Center for Urology and Andrology in Minsk provides assistance in the diagnosis and treatment of various pathologies of the genitourinary system in men and women.
In their work, experts pay special attention when choosing treatment methods and diagnostics. Pathologies that fall within their competence are the urethra, bladder, and kidneys.
The services include:
- Initial examination by a doctor;
- Carrying out diagnostic procedures;
- Performing laboratory tests;
- Appointment and treatment.
All medical consultations and diagnostic procedures are carried out for a fee, the clinic operates in the middle price segment, which makes its services accessible to most patients.
Address: Minsk, Filimonova, 53.
Hospital: Department of Urology
In the urological departments of hospitals in Belarus, the whole range of urological examinations and surgical interventions is carried out, including complex constructive and plastic surgeries, as well as minimally invasive interventions:
- Remote lithotripsy, endoscopic contact lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotripsy - with urolithiasis;
- Transurethral resection and vaporization, transurethral resection - for benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- Optical urethrometry for urethral strictures, endoscopic urethral recanalization for urethral obliteration, open reconstructive surgery for urethral strictures;
- Endoscopic endopyelotomy and endoureterotomy, open reconstructive operations - with strictures of the ureteropelvic segment and strictures of the ureters, etc.
You can find a list of hospitals and medical centers here.
An urologist examines the patient and prescribes additional diagnostic procedures, treatment. The competence of the urologist includes diseases of the genitourinary system, kidneys, external genital organs, and prostate gland.
Infections that cause inflammation, congenital abnormalities, unhealthy lifestyles, and physical inactivity lead to the development of serious urological diseases.
The main diseases of urology are:
- Prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland;
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- Urinary incontinence;
- Varicocele - varicose veins of the spermatic cord and testis;
- Cystitis - an inflammatory disease of the walls of the bladder;
- Urethritis is an inflammatory process localized in the urethra.
What does an urologist treat in men?
An urologist is a doctor who has knowledge not only in his specialization, but also in others (for example, andrology). An urologist treats:
- Inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis);
- Kidney inflammation;
- Inflammation of the urethra;
- Sexually transmitted infections (ureaplasmosis, genital herpes, mycoplasmosis, gardenellosis, chlamydia, etc.).
It is generally thought that an urologist is only a male doctor, but this is not so. This specialist also work with women, but not so often. Since the first thing woman do is go to the gynecologist, who, if it is necessary, sends patients to the urologist.
Men should pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Lower abdominal pain;
- Frequent urination during sleep;
- A small amount of urine released when you feel full of the bladder;
- Pain during intercourse;
- Burning and pain during urination;
- Colic in the lumbar region;
- Blood in the urine;
- Swelling of the face and legs;
- Urinary incontinence.
In women, urological diseases can manifest themselves in the form of tenderness in the lower abdomen, specific discharge, discomfort during intercourse, and urination disorders. With the listed symptoms, you should contact a female gynecologist and urologist.
What does a female urologist treat?
A female urologist treats and diagnoses inflammation of the external and internal genital organs, bladder, kidneys, urethra, urolithiasis, as well as sexually transmitted diseases (mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, genital herpes, gardenenosis, etc.).
You must visit an urologist in the following cases:
- Pain in the lumbar region, itching or pain in the perineum, genitals;
- Urinary incontinence;
- •Rashes on the genitals.
Both adult and pediatric urology are well developed in Belarus. Basically, children make an appointment with the following complaints:
- Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder;
- Phimosis - narrowing of the foreskin of the penis;
- Balanitis or balanoposthitis - an inflammatory process localized in the glans penis;
- Cryptorchidism is a pathology in which there is an underdevelopment of one testicle or its incorrect location in the scrotum;
- Anomalies and inflammatory processes in the genitals of girls
- Genital injuries;
- Urinary incontinence.
In the competence of the pediatric urologist are diseases and malformations of the genitourinary system in children.
Inspection is carried out in the presence of parents.
A visit to a pediatric urologist is recommended at least once a year from the first months of life for the purpose of early detection of pathologies and prevention of pathologies.
It is very important to visit a pediatric urologist in order not to start the course of the pathological process, because a child can be made unhappy for life.
The services of a free urologist are provided only to citizens of the Republic of Belarus. Consultations and treatment are provided to foreign citizens only on a paid basis.
If you are a citizen of the Republic of Belarus, you can receive consultative and operational assistance from an urologist in a clinic at the place of residence or hospital in case of planned or emergency hospitalization. Foreign citizens should study the list of medical centers, hospitals and clinics that provide urological care, but on a fee basis.
Consultation with an urologist
An urologist treats a wide range of diseases of the genitourinary system in men and women. You need to consult with an urologist in cases of:
- Pain during urination;
- Sensation of overflow of the bladder with a slight accumulation of urine in it;
- Delays in urination;
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
Also, often together with urological diseases, patients experience malaise, loss of appetite, fever, thirst.
Make an appointment to an urologist
The initial consultation with an urologist begins with a medical history. The specialist inquires in detail about the patient's complaints and well-being, gets acquainted with the medical history, and conducts a visual examination of the genitals. Diagnosis of diseases is also carried out on the basis of laboratory tests, endoscopically and by ultrasound.
If a man comes to the urologist, the doctor examines and evaluates the condition of the genital organ, scrotum, inguinal lymph nodes, prostate gland.
Men who are 40 years and older should regularly visit an urologist, at least 1 time per year.
If the patient is a woman, then the examination is carried out on a gynecological chair. This measure allows you to objectively assess the condition of the ureter and bladder, to identify dry vagina or prolapse of organs.
How to make an appointment with an urologist?
In Belarus, there are private medical centers and hospitals where you can get help in the field of urology. You can make an appointment with an urologist in Minsk by making a preliminary call to the center you are interested in, or by visiting him directly.
Urology centers: institutes, hospitals and departments
In Belarus, the urological branch of medicine is well developed. Specialized departments have been opened on the basis of hospitals, urological care rooms are functioning on a private basis, and medical centers provide services in the field of urology.
On an outpatient basis, thanks to qualified doctors, modern diagnostic equipment and minimally invasive methods, urological diseases are treated very well. However, some pathologies require inpatient treatment and observation.
Here is a list of centers and hospitals that offer services in the field of urology.
Urology for foreign citizens
In Belarus, medical services are in great demand among foreigners in view of the ratio of relatively low prices with a good level of quality.
Services in this area are provided to both citizens of the Republic of Belarus and foreigners. In state institutions, residents of the republic are provided with services according to special price lists. In private medical centers, treatment is paid for everyone and is carried out at the same rates.
The best urologists in Belarus
Finding a qualified and attentive specialist in the field of urology is not an easy task. Because a good urologist must have deep knowledge in the field of anatomy, surgery, physiology of the adult and children's body.
In order to save your time on our website, we have selected for you a list of the best urologists in Belarus.
Photo: nms-med.ru, hyser.com.ua, avatars.mds.yandex.net